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    What is a cartel?
    A cartel is an agreement between competitors whose objective is to increase their collective profits or maintain their market shares by means of fixing prices, restricting supply, bid rigging, dividing up markets and/or collective refusal to deal...
    Why are cartels harmful to consumers, businesses and to the economy in general?
    Cartels naturally limit competition that would normally prevail between companies thus removing the pressure on them to improve the products they sell or find more efficient ways in which to produce them. This ultimately results in higher prices...
    What legal provisions empower the Commission to deal with cartels?
    Section 8 and 9 of the Act provides the legal provisions pertaining to cartel conduct in Zambia. Section 8 of the Act makes it an offense for companies to make any agreements, decisions or concerted practices that restrict, prevent or distort...
    Can cartel members be prosecuted?
    Engaging in cartelistic conduct is a criminal offence in Zambia and the Act empowers the Commission to pursue legal action against cartel participants. Cartel members who are prosecuted by the Commission risk being convicted by the courts to a fine...
    Does the Commission have the last word?
    All cartel decisions by the Commission may be appealed against before the Competition and Consumer Protection Tribunal, the High Court of Zambia and then before the Supreme Court. These appeals can therefore be closely scrutinised by these...
    What is the leniency programme?
    The leniency programme allows members of a cartel to inform the Commission of their participation in a cartel and provide information that helps the Commission to curb further operations of the cartel in exchange for immunity. The policy provides...
    What is the settlement procedure?
    The settlement procedure allows cartel members who are willing to acknowledge their participation and liability in a cartel to settle the matter before the Board of Commissioners can make a decision. The procedure enables cartel participants get...
    Can companies apply for both leniency programme and the settlement procedure?
    A leniency applicant can settle a case in terms of the Commission’s leniency programme and settlement procedure and benefit from both leniency and settlement discounts. The first leniency applicant does not have to apply for settlement as they are...
    How to can I avoid from being drawn into joining a cartel?
    It is possible that your competitors or trade association may want to draw you into joining a cartel. You need to take the following steps to avoid being drawn into a cartel: Make decisions about prices independently; Do not discuss tenders with...
    What can I do if I want to get out of a cartel?
    When your company is involved in a cartel but wish to get out of that arrangement, you need to must urgently contact the Commission and provide the necessary information about the cartel to the Commission under the leniency programme. It is also...
    Download Cartels FAQ PDF version

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